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New studies examine economics of immigration

08.30.09

September 2009, Allentown/Bethlehem/Easton edition of The Union News

New studies examine economics of immigration

BY PAUL TUCKER
THEUNIONNEWSABE@AOL.COM

REGION, August 19th- Two reports were released by the Center for Immigration Studies in Washington, DC that provided detailed information on the United States labor force.

The first of the studies, “Jobs Americans Don’t Do,” provided a look at the concentration of immigrants across the 465 occupations that comprise the labor market in the nation. The second study, “Worse Than It Seems,” examines the broader measure of unemployment, referred to by the government as U-6, which includes people who would like to work but have not looked for a job recently, as well as those working part-time who want full-time work.

Of the 465 civilian occupations, only four are majority immigrant. The four occupations account for less than one percent of the total United States workforce. Moreover, even in these four occupations, native born Americans comprise 47 percent of workers.
According to the findings many jobs often thought to be overwhelmingly immigrant are in fact majority native born including:

• Maids and housekeepers: 55 percent native born.
• Taxi drivers and chauffeuffeus: 58 percent native born.
• Butchers and meat processors: 63 percent native born.
• Grounds maintenance workers: 65 percent native born.
• Construction laborers: 65 percent native born.
• Porters, bellhops and concierges: 71 percent native born, and
• Janitors: 75 percent native born.

In June 2009, the unemployment rate for native born Americans was 9.7 percent, but the broader U-6 measure was 16.3 percent. The U-6 measure includes people who would like to work but have not looked for a job recently, as well as those working part-time involuntarily. There are 12.7 million unemployed native born Americans, but using the U-6 measure the number is 21.7 million.
The unemployment rate for native born Americans between the ages of 18 years old and 29 who have only a high school education is 18.5 percent, while their U-6 measure is 30.3 percent.

The unemployment rate for native born blacks with less than a high school education is 27.5 percent, with their U-6 measure is 42 percent. The unemployment rate for young, native born blacks between the age of 18 to 29 with only a high school education is 25.8 percent, while their U-6 measure is 37. 4percent. Also, the unemployment rate for native born Hispanics with less than a high school education is 22.6 percent, with their U-6 measure is 36.5 percent

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